ubiquitous computing


"ubiquitous computing", coined by Mark Weiser 1988

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By the mid-1990s, Mark Weiser at Xerox PARC had begun to articulate a research program that instead sought to introduce computers into the human world. In an article titled "The Computer for the 21st Century," published in Scientific American (1991), Weiser introduced the concept of ubiquitous computing. Arguing that “the most profound technologies are those that disappear” by weaving “themselves into the fabric of everyday life until they are indistinguishable from it,” he proposed that future computing devices would outnumber people—embedded in real environments, worn on bodies, and communicating with each other through personal virtual agents. These computers would be so natural that human users would not need to think about them, thus inaugurating an era of “calm technology.” If Weiser's ubiquitous computing is thought of as complementary rather than opposed to VR, one can see traces of his in a variety of post-VR systems. Source: link